AEROMMA is a large multi-platform experiment that integrates NOAA CSL activities with simultaneous related efforts from several other agencies and partners. Research platforms for AEROMMA will coordinate with field activities and routine air quality monitoring.
NASA's Tropospheric Emissions: Monitoring of POllution (TEMPO) mission launching in early 2023 to provide geostationary observations of air quality over North America. With this addition of high-resolution satellite measurements, the STAQS mission seeks to integrate TEMPO satellite observations with traditional air quality monitoring to improve understanding of air quality science and increase societal benefit. Researchers will target two primary domains in Los Angeles and New York City and several secondary domains across North America with ground and airborne based measurements from the NASA GV research aircraft.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) / National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) sponsored field study planned for Summer 2023 will focus on the biogeochemical interactions in urban, rural, and marine regions. Data will be collected from the NCAR/NSF C-130 research aircraft.
Atlanta is a hot-spot of both ozone and secondary organic aerosol (SOA), and much of the summer is typically classified as "moderate" according to the air quality index. The city is subject to high anthropogenic and biogenic emissions along with increasingly severe heat waves. Atlanta has been the location of several previous studies investigating biogenic/anthropogenic interactions. Researchers from Georgia Tech will make ground-based observations overlapping AEROMMA science flights, allowing us to build on and update previous work with new chemical detail.
Toronto is the largest Canadian city included in AEROMMA, with a metropolitan population exceeding seven million and regional population approaching ten million. Although precursors to ground-level ozone have been reduced in Toronto over past decades, exceedances of the 8-hour ozone Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standard are still common. Researchers from York University will make ground-based observations at a site located in an urban/suburban transition zone that is not impacted by any large local sources (i.e., >500 m from any major roads). At 20 km north of downtown Toronto and Lake Ontario, the site is ~2-3 hours transport time from major sources in downtown Toronto and is typically not impacted by lake breeze fronts until late in the afternoon during summer.
The Department of Energy ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurement) experiment planned for 2022-2023 focuses to characterize the extent, radiative properties, aerosol interactions, and precipitation characteristics of stratocumulus clouds in the Eastern Pacific across all four seasons at a coastal location, such as the Scripps Pier and the Scripps Mt. Soledad sites in La Jolla.