Where: northwest of Los Angeles, California
When: October 2015 - February 2016
In a study co-led by NOAA, scientists found that at its peak, the unprecedented gas leak in Aliso Canyon near Los Angeles effectively doubled the methane emission rate of the entire LA Basin, and that in total it released more methane than any other leak in U.S. history. In the 25 February issue of Science, researchers from the Chemical Sciences Division of NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory, its Cooperative Institute CIRES in Boulder, and partners published data and analyses quantifying the methane leak. They made aircraft and ground-based measurements of methane, a potent greenhouse gas, from shortly after the leak's October 23 start until its end on February 11. Their results showed that at its peak, this blowout was releasing methane at one quarter of the total methane emission rate for the entire state, and was doubling the methane emission rate of the Los Angeles Basin. A total of over 100,000 tons (97,100 metric tonnes) of methane were released over the course of the 112-day event. Ground samples near the site of the breached well determined the composition of the leaking natural gas and enabled the authors to calculate the release of other gases such as butanes and higher hydrocarbons, benzene, toluene, and xylenes. Researchers from Scientific Aviation and NOAA ESRL CSD led the study, with coauthors from CIRES, University of California, and the California Energy Commission.