Atmospheric Emissions and Reactions Observed from Megacities to Marine Areas (AEROMMA) is a comprehensive study led by NOAA’s Chemical Sciences Laboratory investigating anthropogenic and marine emissions that alter tropospheric composition and impact air quality and climate.

The AEROMMA project addresses emerging research needs in urban air quality, marine chemistry influences on cloud formation, and interactions at the marine-urban interface.

VOCs = volatile organic compounds
GHGs = greenhouse gases

NOAA research has identified an emerging source of volatile organic compounds to the urban atmosphere that contributes to ozone and aerosol

More than 100 million Americans live in non-attainment areas for ground-level ozone.

Tropospheric ozone is a toxic air pollutant formed through reactions involving VOCs and NOx.

Volatile chemical products (VCPs) are emerging as a major urban source of petrochemical organics [McDonald et al., Science, 2018].

DMS chemistry
MSA = methane sulfonic acid
HPMTF = hydroperoxymethyl thioformate

A recent NOAA discovery has redefined the marine sulfur cycle, prompting a renewed look at air-sea exchange

Oxidation of ocean-emitted dimethyl sulfide (DMS) produces sulfate aerosol, which in turn impacts albedo, cloud formation, and climate.

CSL's discovery of an additional DMS oxidation product (HPMTF) shows that the marine sulfur cycle in current models is incomplete [Veres et al., PNAS, 2020].

AEROMMA will expand upon these new findings to assess their impacts on air quality and climate and improve our understanding of air pollution in a changing environment

Anticipated outcomes: